14000 W. 215th St., Bucyrus, KS 66013-9519

Ph. 913-879-2587 - 7:30 A. M. - 3 P. M  CST  Monday-Friday

24-hour Fax.  913-533-2497 

Minimum order $10.00 

 

Contact us by email any time.

Smith Poultry & Game Bird Supply

Other Diseases/Problems

Disease/Problem

Symptoms

Treatment

Blackhead

Mostly affects birds 4 to 6 weeks of age which may display no symptoms or any of these:  droopiness, drowsiness, weakness, ruffled feathers, increased thirst, loss of appetite and weight loss, darkened face, watery sulfur-colored droppings. 

The best treatment is prevention of cecal and earthworms. These drugs are FDA approved for blackhead:  Carosep, Acidified Copper Sulfate, and Histostat-50. Flagyl (Metronidazole) is not FDA approved for poultry, but is widely used with peafowl and ornamental game birds.

Blue Comb (Greens, Mud Fever, Non-specific Enteritis)

 

Depression, hunching up, loss of appetite and weight, distended sour-smelling crop, bluish comb, greenish, watery or pasty bad-smelling diarrhea, dehydration, sunken eyes, shriveled shanks, cold-feeling body

Infected birds may respond to a molasses flush (3.2 oz. per gallon of water for no more than 8 hours) or being treated with 1/2 tsp. copper sulfate per gallon of water (use non-metal containers). Add BMD to drinking water.

Canker (Trichomoniasis)

Upper Form - sunken, empty crop, stretching of neck, swallowing, open-mouthed breathing, and fetid odor. Lesions in mouth, esophagus, and crop.

Lower Form - Depression, unthriftiness, watery, yellow diarrhea, and weight loss.

Metronidazole (non-meat birds), copper sulfate*, Carnidazole, canker tablets, 4 in 1 Powder (pigeons). *Stock solution:  1 lb. copper sulfate, 1 c. vinegar, 1 gal. water. Add 1 oz. or 1 tbs. stock solution to 1 gal. of water in non-metal container for 4 to 7 days.

Cholora

 

 

Sudden death, fever, loss of appetite, increased thirst, depression, drowsiness, ruffled feathers, head pale and drawn back, increased respiratory rate, mucous discharge from mouth and nose, watery white diarrhea later becoming thick and greenish yellow, bluish comb and wattles, death within hour of noticing symptoms. 

Control rodents, wild birds, and predators. Medicate  with sulfa drugs or vaccinate to stop mortality. Prolonged use of sulfa drugs decreases egg production and can be toxic. It also leaves a residue in eggs and meat so do not use on birds intended for human consumption. Tetracycline  may be used but it is not  as effective.

Coccidiosis

 

In young birds - droopiness, huddling with ruffled feathers, loss of appetite and desire to drink, weight loss, watery, mucous, or pasty, tan or blood-tinged diarrhea. In adult birds - thin breast weak legs, reduced egg production, and diarrhea. Yellow-skinned birds pale comb, skin, and shanks.

Choice of drug depends on the identification of the coccidia involved. SMZ-Med 354, Corid, Di-Methox, and Amprol 128 are used to treat Coccidiosis.

Marek’s Disease

Birds 6 to 9 months old - enlarged, red feather follicles  or white bumps on skin that fi\orm a brown crusty scab; lack of coordination, pale skin, wing or leg paralysis (one leg points forward & the other poins back under the body), rapid weight loss, coma, death due to trampling or inability to get to feed and water; in breeds having reddish bay eyes - cloudy, grayish dilated pupil.

None, cull unless you’re breeding for resistance. Day-old birds can be vaccinated. Check with state poultry specialist for advice on vaccines.

Bumblefoot

In mature males, especially heavy breeds - lameness, reluctance to walk, rests on hocks with sores on hocks and/ or bottoms of toes, inflamed foot, hard, swollen, or pus-filled abscess on bottom of foot.

Inject swollen area with 1/2 cc penicillin. If abscess is large, wash foot, open abscess and remove cheesy core. Clean with hydrogen peroxide, pack with Neosporin, and tape bandage over area. Confine bird to deep litter. Dress abscess 2 or 3 days.

Capillary Worms         

Pale head, poor appetite, droopiness, weakness, emaciation, and occasionally diarrhea. Birds may sit with the head drawn in.

No approved wormer is available, but Levamisol is often used.

Botulism (Limberneck)

Sudden death or leg weaknesses, drowsiness and flaccid paralysis of legs, wings, and neck. Has difficulty swallowing, ruffled, loose feathers; lies on side with outstretched neck and closed eyes; trembling sometimes, diarrhea; coma and death due to heart and/or respiratory paralysis.

Remove source of poisoning (decaying vegetable and animal matter) and contaminated litter. Use molasses or Epsom salts (1 tsp. Epsom salts dissolved in 1/2 c. water*) to flush toxins from system.  *Squirt down bird’s throat twice daily for 2 or 3 days. 

Gape Worm

 

Infected birds yawn, grunt, gasp, sneeze, cough, choke; have loss of energy, little appetite, are weak and emaciated, have closed eyes, and will frequently shake the head to dislodge worms from windpipe.

 

Treat with thiabenadazole or levamisole. Reworm in 10 days.

 

Scaly Leg Mites

 

 

Raised scales on shanks and feet. Legs thicken and crust over. Can attack combs and wattles.

 

Use Ivomec to control scaly-leg mites in birds not kept for meat and eggs. Spray with Scalex. 

Prohibit Leviamisole Solution:  Dissolve 52 gram (1.84 oz) pkt of cattle and sheep wormer in 3 quarts water to make a stock solution. Add 1 oz stock solution to 1 gallon drinking water. Effective at treating Capillaria (capillary worms), Heterakis (cecal worms), and Ascaridia (roundworms). The solutions contain .5 gram of leviamisole per gallon of water. Allow the birds to drink the solution for one day, then remove. In severe cases, the treatment can be repeated every 5-7 days. Dosing information from the Mississippi State University Web Site.

 

 

References

 

The Chicken Health Handbook by Gail Damerow

Penn State Poultry Health Handbook.

Grower’s Reference on Gamebird Health by L. Dwight Schwartz

 

The best thing to do if you really want to effectively treat your  birds is to consult your local veterinarian or the diagnostic laboratory at your state agricultural college or university.